After the Romans left, there were periods where it remains unknown what was happening there. We know at some point the Saxons came in and rebuilt things in the medieval style, including building over the baths.
Around 1590, Queen Anne, wife of James I, was seen riding down to Bath to ‘take the waters’ as they often did. In doing so, she put Bath back on the map. Citizens rushed to the city, quickly destroying the last of the medieval buildings and rebuilding the city in the style of the day – the classical style associated with Italy and Greece. The city’s rapid expansion brought with it many other things, from dance halls to gambling sites. In the 1700s, Bath became the place to be – it was where businesses deals and marriages were secured. People would take to the streets in promenade, just to be seen.
At the start of the 1800s, Bath’s popularity changed with the growth of new industrial towns, taking with it these crowds. Around this time, with the end of the Napoleonic wars, a different cohort moved in – retired army generals among them. Those looking for a quiet place to live, to start a family. Following this came the rise of schools.